The Lost Tools of Writing, Level 2: Now Available!

The Lost Tools of Writing™ is the most important curricular development in the last 20 years.


Returning to the works of the classical world and deeply examining the modes of instruction they followed, The Lost Tools of Writing teaches classical writing – and so much more.


It also teaches students how to think.

Level 2 features beautiful new cover art


A Brand New Story-telling Unit
12 More Schemes & Tropes

Judicial & Deliberative Essay

More On the Comparison Essay

Two Brand New Topics





“Hey, this stuff works, by the way. My kids’ writing is improving quickly. Next semester this composition class will turn into “Speech.” I am saving up some of the schemes and tropes for use therein.”
– Kevin C., California

“I knew I would learn about writing. I didn’t know I would learn so much about thinking, and virtue, and my heavenly Father. Thank you.”
– Diana A., Texas

“Lately I’ve been engaging in what I can only describe as “informal LTW seminars” with the homeschoolers at my church. The reaction is always the same. Literal tears as they are encouraged to teach from a place of peace and rest, not anxiety.”
– Angelina S., Louisiana

“I was an attendee at your LTW talk in Boca Raton. I reported to my husband that it was one of the top 5 seminars I have ever been to on any subject. Thank you for the experience of contemplation!
– Andrea H., Florida

Here is… one great program. Check it out, then buy it, then rejoice at how great it is! I am a big fan if you can’t tell!”
– Steve E., North Carolina


A Short Thought On Constitutional Interpretation

The “original intent” theory of Constitutional interpretation says that we ought to understand the Constitution in terms of what the author intended the Constitution to mean. This theory is associated with conservative legal theory.

The “vectors of history” theory of Constitutional interpretation says that we ought to understand the meaning of the Constitution as shifting over time. This theory is associated with liberal legal theory.

If we believe in objective truth, we might find reason to not entirely buy into either theory. If we are trying to understand what, for example, cruel and unusual punishment is, we might look at the authors of the Constitution, as original intent theory does. Or we might look at what people today think of as cruel and unusual.

Both these approaches might tell us something important about what punishments are cruel and unusual.  Neither necessarily tell us what punishments actually are cruel and unusual. Both the founding fathers and prevalent opinion may well be wrong. If concepts have real, objective meanings, they are not limited by what the people who use them think that they mean.