Give me a lever and I can move the world

Archimedes famously said, “Give me a lever and I can move the world.”

The world has been moved.

The lever by which the world has been moved is an idea, and that idea is “nature.”

Two hundred some years ago, our forefathers founded on this continent a new nation, conceived in “the law of nature and of nature’s God.” Not very long ago, a prospective supreme court justice was more or less derided for having appealed to the natural law in earlier decisions.

The world has been moved.

In 1880, not as many people went to the American schools as go today, but many, many more received an education. Since then, the way people think about the nature of education has changed.

In 1840 the goal of education was to come to know the nature of things and to learn how to treat them appropriately. Now propriety stands as an obstacle to self-expression. 

In 1789, our leaders generally believed that leadership required virtue and that the only way a republic could survive was through the virtue of its people. Now people either chuckle at your naiveté or look at you with bewilderment when you mention virtue.

In 1688, people argued about freedom and liberty, but they did so believing that liberty was the precondition for perfecting our natures. Now they believe it is the right to do whatever you want, sometimes with the qualification that you not harm others.

The world has been moved. People no longer believe that things have a nature and that the nature of things should hold up our progress.

Take children, for example. What is a child? What is the nature of childhood? In what way does the conventional school honor the nature of the child?

Take the curriculum for another example. What is the nature of a science or an art? Have you ever thought about that?

What is the nature of teaching or learning? What is the nature of marriage? Of government? Of the family? Of justice? Of nature itself?

The world has been moved.

Literally everything has been affected by this awesome change, one of the true revolutions in human history. John Dewey called it an “intellectual revolt.”

A revolt against what?

He goes on to explain that it is a revolt against the Christian classical tradition, a tradition whose error, he suggests, was in believing that things have a nature.

Lady MacBeth spoke nonsense when she said she was “unnnatured.”

The Psalmist spoke meaningless words when he asked, “What is man?’

In fact, if things don’t have a nature, they can’t be known. They can only be adapted to. Since there is nothing to be known, why teach children as if there were. All we can do is adapt to our environments in this ever moving world.

And if people don’t have a nature, what’s to limit the way you treat them? Human dignity? If there’s no human nature, there’s no human dignity.

For the world has been moved.

And if we are going to resist this revolt, if we are going to return from this fatal path, we cannot do so unless we restore nature to its proper place at the heart of our thinking.

We can’t know right and wrong if we don’t know the nature of the thing we’re dealing with.

We can’t know how to read if we don’t know the nature of literature.

We won’t know how to think if we don’t know the nature of reality.

We won’t know how to act if we don’t know the nature of mankind.

We won’t know the place of the sciences if we don’t know the nature of the creation.

We don’t know how to teach, if we don’t know the nature of the child, the nature of learning, and the nature of the subject.

That is why we have become convinced that this summer’s conference is the most important conference we’ve had to date. In fact, the theme is the most important theme any education conference has ever discussed because any other theme is contained in it.

We’ve taken on an enormous challenge with this theme. We know we’re not up to it. But we also know that we ignore this theme at our peril.

If I may be so bold, so does your school. It isn’t enough to accept the skeptical and even cynical assumptions about what teaching is, how a classroom should be arranged, what the goals of education are, and then call your school Christian classical because you follow a classical method.

After all, is there really a classical method, or is that idea itself part of the revolt against Christian classical education?

It’s a lot to think about, and glib answers won’t do. We need to reflect, discuss, and think hard about this or all is lost.

Will you join us?

How much we owe the Greeks

According to this astonishing article, it’s even more than we thought. Hospitals, art, grammar, Homer, math theory, and now we discover we’ve only just caught up to Archimedes!

What an astonishing people.

For seventy years, a prayer book moldered in the closet of a family in France, passed down from one generation to the next. Its mildewed parchment pages were stiff and contorted, tarnished by burn marks and waxy smudges. Behind the text of the prayers, faint Greek letters marched in lines up the page, with an occasional diagram disappearing into the spine.

The owners wondered if the strange book might have some value, so they took it to Christie’s Auction House of London. And in 1998, Christie’s auctioned it off—for two million dollars.

For this was not just a prayer book. The faint Greek inscriptions and accompanying diagrams were, in fact, the only surviving copies of several works by the great Greek mathematician Archimedes.